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Immediate Family: Daughter of John Hutchinson and Mary Hutchinson (Monkhouse) Wife of William Wordsworth.  During the harsh winter of 1798–99 Wordsworth lived with Dorothy in Goslar, and, despite extreme stress and loneliness, began work on the autobiographical piece that was later titled The Prelude. Mary Hutchinson (1802-1850) Child (ren) of William Wordsworth and Mary Hutchinson. In 1802, Lowther's heir, William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, paid the £4,000 owed to Wordsworth's father through Lowther's failure to pay his aide. , Wordsworth's father was a legal representative of James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, and, through his connections, lived in a large mansion in the small town. In 1813 he accepted the post of distributor of stamps for the county of Westmorland, an appointment that carried the salary of £400 a year. Wordsworth and his wife planted this field of daffodils near their home after their daughter Dora's death from tuberculosis. Married Edward Quillinan in 1843. In 1802, a temporary lull in fighting between England and France meant that Wordsworth was able to see Vallon and their daughter, Caroline. He received his BA degree in 1791. In 1795 he received a legacy of £900 from Raisley Calvert and became able to pursue a career as a poet. , Between 1795–1797, Wordsworth wrote his only play, The Borderers, a verse tragedy set during the reign of King Henry III of England, when Englishmen in the North Country came into conflict with Scottish border reivers. Birth and parents William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 at Cockermouth in Cumberland, son of John Wordsworth, and Ann, née Cookson, of Penrith. William Wordsworth Marriage, Affairs and Children. The second of five children born to John Wordsworth and Ann Cookson, William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 in Wordsworth House in Cockermouth, Cumberland, part of the scenic region in northwestern England known as the Lake District. The Wordsworth never could approve of Coleridge’s neglect of his wife to pursue Sara Hutchinson (whose sister Mary became Mrs. William Wordsworth), … William Wordsworth died at Rydal Mount on April 23, 1850, leaving his wife Mary to publish The Prelude three months later. Upon Caroline's marriage, in 1816, Wordsworth settled £30 a year on her (equivalent to £2,313 as of 2019), payments which continued until 1835, when they were replaced by a capital settlement.. She wrote, "We have hills which, seen from a distance almost take the character of mountains, some cultivated nearly to their summits, others in their wild state covered with furze and broom. His mother was Anne, the only daughter of William Cookson, mercer of Penrith, and his wife Dorothy, nee Crackanthorp of Newbiggen Hall, Westmoreland.  He returned to Hawkshead for the first two summers of his time at Cambridge, and often spent later holidays on walking tours, visiting places famous for the beauty of their landscape. (a) Classicism (b) Romanticism (c) University Wits (d) Metaphysical. Wordsworth spent his final years settled at Rydal Mount in England, travelling and continuing his outdoor excursions. Coleridge and Charles Lamb both died in 1834, their loss being a difficult blow to Wordsworth. Wordsworth wrote a guidebook to the region of his home called, "A Guide through the District of the Lakes." Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon. This religious conservatism also colours The Excursion (1814), a long poem that became extremely popular during the nineteenth century. However, Wordsworth had spent his limited funds and was forced to return home. On 4 October, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson. On top of that was the grief she displayed the day before William’s wedding to their childhood friend, Mary Hutchinson. Its reception was lukewarm, however. The following year Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased her and William: Wordsworth had for years been making plans to write a long philosophical poem in three parts, which he intended to call The Recluse. In 1807 Wordsworth published Poems, in Two Volumes, including "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood". Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). The second stanza describes Mary as his wife. The year 1793 saw the first publication of poems by Wordsworth, in the collections An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. Dora Wordsworth (16 August 1804 – 9 July 1847). Previous Next . John Wordsworth (18 June 1803 – 1875). The Reign of Terror left Wordsworth thoroughly disillusioned with the French Revolution and the outbreak of armed hostilities between Britain and France prevented him from seeing Annette and his daughter for some years. Later in his life, Wordsworth said about SShe Was a Phantom of Delight: “it was written from my heart”. Thomas Wordsworth (15 June 1806 – 1 December 1812). Mary Ann Dolan (d. after 1858) had one daughter Dora (b.1858). After his death in 1850, Wordsworth’s wife, Mary Hutchinson published his semi-autobiography, The Prelude, a poetic collection of 14 books Death: January 17, 1859 (88) Rydal, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom. The year was 1800, and William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy Wordsworth were living in Dove Cottage near Grasmere. , "Wordsworth" redirects here. After its release, Bartok divorced Paal and in 1951 married the publicist William Wordsworth. Wordsworth has appeared as a character in works of fiction, including: Isaac Asimov's 1966 novelisation of the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage sees Dr. Peter Duval quoting Wordsworth's The Prelude as the miniaturised submarine sails through the cerebral fluid surrounding a human brain, comparing it to the "strange seas of thought". She and Paal parted ways in 1950, and a brief marriage to public relations wizard William Wordsworth ended after four years. Up to this point, Wordsworth was known only for Lyrical Ballads, and he hoped that this new collection would cement his reputation. The death of his brother John, also in 1805, affected him strongly and may have influenced his decisions about these works. When was William Wordsworth born? The purpose of the visit was to prepare Annette for the fact of his forthcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. It was at the school in Penrith that he met the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who later became his wife.. These delight me the most as they remind me of our native wilds. Following the death of his friend the painter William Green in 1823, Wordsworth also mended his relations with Coleridge. The sudden death of his daughter Dora in 1847 at age 42 was difficult for the aging poet to take and in his depression, he completely gave up writing new material. He was frequently away from home on business, so the young William and his siblings had little involvement with him and remained distant from him until his death in 1783. Life at Penrith wasn't a happy time for Wordsworth, because he was unsatisfied with his grandparents' treatment; he still spent time at his grandparents' home and their relationship was still … William "Willy" Wordsworth. John Wordsworth (18 June 1803 – 1875). Dorothy Wordsworth ( his sister), Mary Wordsworth (his wife), Catherine, Thomas and Dora Wordsworth ( his children), Sara Hutchinson (Mary's sister) and Hartley Coleridge (son of S.T. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was a major Romantic poet, based in the Lake District, England. In 1799 Dorothy and William Wordsworth moved to Dove Cottage in Grasmere, in the Lake District. By the time of their association, Stewart had published an ambitious work of original materialist philosophy entitled The Apocalypse of Nature (London, 1791), to which many of Wordsworth's philosophical sentiments may well be indebted. "He looks like a man that one must not speak to unless one has some sensible thing to say. The rebuff was not received lightly by Wordsworth and the play was not published until 1842, after substantial revision.. He wrote a number of other famous poems in Goslar, including "The Lucy poems". Wordsworth’s magnum opus (his masterpiece) is considered to be The Prelude, published by his wife, Mary, in the year of his death, months after he expired.  In this preface, which some scholars consider a central work of Romantic literary theory, Wordsworth discusses what he sees as the elements of a new type of verse, one that is based on the ordinary language "really used by men" while avoiding the poetic diction of much 18th-century verse. It was posthumously titled and published by his wife in the year of his death, before which it was generally known as "the poem to Coleridge".  The circumstances of his return and his subsequent behaviour raised doubts as to his declared wish to marry Annette. Parents belong to society and are a part of that greater world. William Wordsworth was one of the founders of English Romanticism and one its most central figures and important intellects.  The volume gave neither Wordsworth's nor Coleridge's name as author. Married four times: Isabella Curwen (d. 1848) had six children: Jane, Henry, William, John, Charles and Edward. William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 at Cockermouth in Cumbria. Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). Marriage. He attempted to get the play staged in November 1797, but it was rejected by Thomas Harris, the manager of the Covent Garden Theatre, who proclaimed it "impossible that the play should succeed in the representation". Early life of William Wordsworth. It was long supposed that Wordsworth relied chiefly on Coleridge for philosophical guidance, but more recently scholars have suggested that Wordsworth's ideas may have been formed years before he and Coleridge became friends in the mid-1790s. Three months after his death, Wordsworth's wife Mary published "The Prelude". In 1810, Wordsworth and Coleridge were estranged over the latter's opium addiction, and in 1812, his son Thomas died at the age of 6, six months after the death of 3-year-old Catherine. Taylor Swift's 2020 album Folklore mentions Wordsworth in her bonus track "The Lakes", which is thought to be about the Lake District. Despite the death of many contemporaries, the popularity of his poetry ensured a steady stream of young friends and admirers to replace those he lost. The poem is a lyrical ballad with an AABBCCDDEE rhyme scheme.  Dorothy continued to live with the couple and grew close to Mary. William Wordsworth died at home at Rydal Mount from an aggravated case of pleurisy on 23 April 1850, and was buried at St Oswald's Church, Grasmere. The external World is fitted to the Mind; In 1790 he went on a walking tour of Europe, during which he toured the Alps extensively, and visited nearby areas of France, Switzerland, and Italy..  Afterwards he wrote the sonnet "It is a beauteous evening, calm and free", recalling a seaside walk with the 9-year-old Caroline, whom he had never seen before that visit. William Wordsworth - William Wordsworth - Late work: In 1808 Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life. Carol Ann Duffy. Dora Wordsworth.  The two were fully reconciled by 1828, when they toured the Rhineland together. William was also allowed to use his father's library. Wordsworth, Dorothy and Coleridge travelled to Germany in the autumn of 1798. It was at the school that Wordsworth was to meet the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who would be his future wife.  It was this repayment that afforded Wordsworth the financial means to marry. The Prospectus contains some of Wordsworth's most famous lines on the relation between the human mind and nature: ... my voice proclaims Eva Bartok was both a beautiful lady and a talented actor whose roots were in classical theater. Devastated by the death of his daughter Dora in 1847, Wordsworth seemingly lost his will to compose poems. William Wordsworth’ Take on Human Life. Theme this but little heard of among Men, Penrith, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom. The Wordsworth family home, Cockermouth: but the building belonged to Sir James Lowther. He is best known for ushering in the Romantic Age in English Literature with the joint publication of ‘Lyrical Ballads’ with Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798. Wordsworth thus became the only poet laureate to write no official verses. While Coleridge was intellectually stimulated by the journey, its main effect on Wordsworth was to produce homesickness. It was also in 1795 that he met Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Somerset. SPOUSE. However, he supported her and his daughter as best he could in later life. The Cooksons were well-to-do people who ran a large drapery near to the George Hotel in Penrith. One of Wordsworth's most famous poems, "Tintern Abbey", was published in this collection, along with Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner". They walked in the area for about two hours every day, and the nearby hills consoled Dorothy as she pined for the fells of her native Lakeland. They had three other siblings: Richard, the eldest, who became a lawyer; John, born after Dorothy, who went to sea and died in 1805 when the ship of which he was captain, the Earl of Abergavenny, was wrecked off the south coast of England; and Christopher, the youngest, who entered the Church and rose to be Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. The poem is a classic example of uxorious poetry – poetry written about the love for a wife – and although its meaning is fairly straightforward, a… Can it be called) which they with blended might William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798). His father was a lawyer. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 20:36. In the Autumn of 1799, Wordsworth and his sister returned to England and visited the Hutchinson family at Sockburn. In this way, it wouldn’t be wrong if we say that William Wordsworth is the father of Romanticism. The first stanza describes the romantic phase of seeing his beloved. Financial problems and Britain's tense relations with France forced him to return to England alone the following year. In 1802 William Wordsworth was again married to his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson,in the following year Mary give birth to the first of five children. She and William did not meet again for nine years. She met fourth husband, actor Curd Jurgens, while co-starring with him in the German film The Last Waltz (1953). Accomplish .... , Wordsworth was taught to read by his mother and attended, first, a tiny school of low quality in Cockermouth, then a school in Penrith for the children of upper-class families, where he was taught by Ann Birkett, who insisted on instilling in her students traditions that included pursuing both scholarly and local activities, especially the festivals around Easter, May Day and Shrove Tuesday. Wordsworth fell passionately in love with a French girl, Annette Vallon. Wordsworth's Grave Final resting place of William and Mary Wordsworth. Eva Bartok, Actress: The Crimson Pirate. And the creation (by no lower name After returning to … By the age of fourteen, he had been bereaved of both his parents. Read more about this topic: William Wordsworth. He did, however, write a poetic Prospectus to The Recluse in which he laid out the structure and intention of the whole work. The following year, Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased William and Mary: Read more about this topic: William Wordsworth, “It appears that ordinary men take wives because possession is not possible without marriage, and that ordinary women accept husbands because marriage is not possible without possession; with totally differing aims the method is the same on both sides.”—Thomas Hardy (18401928), “Children belong in families, which, ideally, serve as a sanctuary and a cushion from the world at large. It was a … (a) Caroline (b) Grace (c) Mary (d) Jane. However he does occasionally converse cheerfully & well; and when one knows how benevolent & excellent he is, it disposes one to be very much pleased with him.". Place of Burial: St Oswald Churchyard, Grasmere, Cumbria, England. The following year he received an appointment as Distributor of Stamps for Westmorland, and the stipend of £400 a year made him financially secure, albeit at the cost of political independence. (And the progressive powers perhaps no less William was the second son of John Wordsworth, attorney-at-law and law-agent to Sir James Lowther, afterwards Earl of Lonsdale. In November 1791, Wordsworth visited Revolutionary France and became enchanted with the Republican movement. The following year saw the passing of James Hogg. Annette Vallon was his first wife. With the Peace of Amiens again allowing travel to France, in 1802 Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy visited Annette and Caroline in Calais. The two poets quickly developed a close friendship. Coleridge) Grave of William Wordsworth : Eight yew trees by the churchyard wall were planted by Wordsworth. When Coleridge arrived back in England he travelled to the North with their publisher Joseph Cottle to meet Wordsworth and undertake a proposed tour of the Lake District. Wordsworth's youthful political radicalism, unlike Coleridge's, never led him to rebel against his religious upbringing. For two years from 1795, William and his sister Dorothy lived at Racedown House in Dorset—a property of the Pinney family—to the west of Pilsdon Pen. He initially refused the honour, saying that he was too old, but accepted when the Prime Minister, Robert Peel, assured him that "you shall have nothing required of you". Married four times: Isabella Curwen (died 1848) had six children: Jane, Henry, William, John, Charles and Edward. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). William Wordsworth was associated with which movement? William and Dorothy were to stay in France for a month.52 The purpose of the trip, plainly, was to get Annette's blessing on an intended marriage.53 The Wordsworths arrived back at London on August 30th. That same year he began attending St John's College, Cambridge. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). The Prelude is a spiritual autobiography based on Wordsworth’s travels through Europe and his observations of life. Wordsworth also gives his famous definition of poetry as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility", and calls his own poems in the book "experimental". After the death of Wordsworth's mother, in 1778, his father sent him to Hawkshead Grammar School in Lancashire (now in Cumbria) and sent Dorothy to live with relatives in Yorkshire. He wrote many of his best works there. In 1804 he began expanding this autobiographical work, having decided to make it a prologue rather than an appendix.  It was augmented significantly in the next edition, published in 1802. Following the death of Robert Southey in 1843 Wordsworth became Poet Laureate. John Wordsworth. In 1802, he and Dorothy traveled to France so that he could meet his daughter Caroline and make arrangements for her support. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was an English poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, launched the Romantic Age in English literature with the joint publication of Lyrical Ballads in 1798. Of the whole species) to the external World Wordsworth's magnum opus is generally considered to be The Prelude, a semi-autobiographical poem of his early years that he revised and expanded a number of times. ", In 1797, the pair moved to Alfoxton House, Somerset, just a few miles away from Coleridge's home in Nether Stowey. Long poem that became extremely popular during the nineteenth century final edition of Lyrical Ballads was published in 1802 he... 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