Home   Uncategorized   parental abuse singapore

parental abuse singapore

Ronald is one of the best lawyers you could ever be fortunate enough to come across. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Try to find out when and where the alleged abuse happened. Once a report is received, MSF will launch an inquiry to first determine if the child is a victim of the abuse and if needed, provide medical attention to the child. A child whom the The Family Justice Court Website: https://www.pave.org.sg Many abused children are too scared to speak up about the abuse because they are worried that no one will believe them, or because they blame themselves for the abuse. © 2014-2017 First World Problems Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. Come visit Singapore Polytechnic Open House 2019 to find out more about our diploma courses, facilities, admissions & much more. Perhaps and more plausibly, could the child abuse case at My First Skool have sparked an uproar— a flood of paranoia among parents. When we talk about child abuse, it is not just about physical violence but also involves neglect and emotional abuse too. A personal protection order (PPO) is a court order preventing your child’s alleged abuser from committing family violence against your child. Click here for our latest COVID-19 advisories. Statistics from the United States show that the most common relationships between a child abuse victim and their abuser include: This article seeks to specifically help parents who suspect their children have been abused (including cases where the abuse is committed by the other parent) and want to know what they can do in this situation to protect their child from abusers. If the offender has caused death to the child: Fine of up to $40,000 or to a maximum jail term of 14 years, or both. An assessment will also be conducted by MSF to determine the level of protection for the child and if necessary, make alternative care arrangements for the child and family. The social workers will advise you on how to protect yourself and your family members. Fine of up to $5,000, jail term of up to 3 years, or both. There is the Maintenance of Parents Act (1995) and a Tribunal that hears such cases. To find out more about child abuse and the Child Protection System in Singapore, please click here. The police can provide you with a referral letter to go to the hospital for medical examination and treatment. Reporting suspected child abuse is the first step to prevent or stop the abuse. So, why do parents abuse their children? Call 999 if you are in immediate danger. Singapore's out-of-home care sector provides care for vulnerable children and young persons who have been abandoned, neglected, ill-treated by their parents or guardians. Singapore is a small country without natural resources. The man had asked a 12-year-old girl, whose parents were in jail, to be his “girlfriend”. In cases where the child is deemed to be at risk of abuse, alternative placement may also be recommended if the caregivers or parents are unable to keep the child safe, said Ms Tan. If you decide to make a Magistrate’s Complaint, the lawyer may also assist with gathering evidence and drafting the criminal charge(s) against the alleged abuser. Read our other article for more information on filing a Magistrate’s Complaint in Singapore. If it is worth pursuing, the Magistrate may order the case to continue through state prosecution, mediation or private prosecution. Blk 305, Yishun Central, #01-17 Singapore 760305 You should obtain specific legal advice from a lawyer before taking any legal action. If you are or someone you know is experiencing family violence and need someone to talk to, call the AWARE Helpline at 1800 777 5555. A police report should be made immediately if you believe that the child’s life is in danger. A couple in Singapore were sentenced to 27 years in prison and 24 strokes of the cane Monday after being convicted by the country’s High Court of scalding their 5-year-old son to death. You can call the police at 999, or go to your nearest neighbourhood Police Post or Centre for help. Terrified that their younglings would be the next victims, parents are finding all possible means to safeguard their children, and have them walk away from these unpleasant schools or childcare centres unscathed. A one-stop integrated community-based service for individuals and families experiencing violence. Commits the offence against a child under 14 with whom he is in an exploitative relationship with: An act of family violence has been committed/is likely to be committed against your child; and. This is because the signs of some forms of abuse such as sexual abuse may be only temporary. According to statistics from the Ministry of Family and Social Development, cases have more than doubled from 551 in 2015 to 1,163 in 2018. A man was jailed 46 months after he pleaded guilty to 3 charges of penetration of a minor under 14. ... Aside from a parent having violent tendencies for controlling their children, there is also the instance that one parent uses child abuse accusations as leverage to gain custody, control or even revenge on other parent. In case of immediate threat, call the Police at 999. The prosecutors delved further into the alleged abuse, saying the parents would hit the child with their fists or a broom for even the slightest wrongdoing. A person is said to have ill-treated a child if he/she ill-treats or allows a child in their care to be ill-treated, through the following acts: A person can still be liable for child abuse even if the child did not actually suffer injury because someone had intervened in the situation. You can do something about it. The PAVE ISIFPSC provides the following services: Address:  ICLG - Family Laws and Regulations - Singapore covers common issues in family law – including: jurisdiction, divorce, cohabitation, children, abduction, relocations, cross-border issues, parental responsibility, child maintenance and marital agreements - … Child Protective Service Helpline 1800-777 0000 Operating hours: Monday - Sunday 7.00 am - 12 midnight To get advice Who is It For? Physical abuse (70.0%) was the most common, followed by neglect (11.1%) and sexual abuse (7.8%). Children who were victims of abuse were more likely to come from homes with a prior history of domestic violence (p = 0.028). Jail term of up to 10 years, or a fine, or both. The prosecution will then decide if it has sufficient evidence to bring a charge(s) against the alleged abuser in court. Tel: 6449 9088, Care Corner Project StART Repeat offenders can be fined up to $5,000, jailed for up to 12 months or both. Singapore is a small country without natural resources. PAVE Family Violence Specialist Centre and Safe Space Child Protection Specialist Centre had started operating as one centre from 1 April 2020 to address issues on violence holistically through the continuity of services related to child proteciton and family violence. You will also find information about what you can do if you observe child abuse or if you are a parent dealing with problems that are straining your capacity to cope with the parenting experience. I would strongly recommend his service. She had, A man was sentenced to 23 years in jail for making 2 young girls, A man was jailed for 16 months for having. Tel: 6435 5077. It would be helpful to bring any evidence you have collected to aid the police in their investigations. For example, a Domestic Exclusion Order (DEO) will ban the alleged abuser from entering the house your child has been living in (or only certain parts of the house). A total of 247 cases of suspected child abuse in Singapore was investigated in 2012. SINGAPORE - In what prosecutors described as "one of the worst cases of child abuse", a couple who repeatedly splashed hot water on their five-year … This even includes acts such as showing the child pornography. This is especially important in the case of sexual abuse. Though it is specific to familial abuse, the dynamics are true irregardless - everyone around a survivor will be faced with the making a choice of who to believe - the victim or the alleged perpetrator. In divorce matters, the welfare of children is of paramount importance. You can call any of the hotlines or go to the nearest Family Service Centre for help, or if you need someone to talk to. They are kids of your own blood! Fine of up to $8,000 or a maximum jail term of 8 years, or both. This is something we are going to tell you here today. If the police do not take action, you may make a Magistrate’s Complaint. Domestic (family) violence is the unlawful physical, mental, and emotional stress or injury placed on one family […] theAsianparent is a content and community platform that helps parents across Asia in their conception, pregnancy and in raising happy, healthy & confident kids. This may include verbal abuse, threats, harassment, intimidation and controlling behaviour like limiting access to friends, relatives and finances. This landmark study established the fact that protecting children from abuse and neglect was a major global challenge and Singapore was not spared. Email: admin@pave.org.sg The number of child abuse cases in Singapore is on the rise, from 551 cases in 2015 to 873 cases in 2016. It will be raised to 18 years old once the proposed changes under the CYPA (Amendment) Bill come into effect. When a child is not given enough necessities such as supervision, food, clothing, medical aid, and lodging. Tel: 6555 0390 The Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) website provides a list of the relevant child protection agencies and their hotlines which you may contact. Should the inquiry reveal that an offence (relating to the abuse) has been committed, MSF will contact the police to conduct a criminal investigation. Mona was recommended to me by my sibling, who had also used Golden Law LLC and Mona Hwang & co…. Since its ... physical punishment, leading to child abuse. Singapore News -Abusive husbands. At the Family Justice Courts, you can apply for: You can apply for a Protection Order or Expedited Order from the Family Justice Courts on your own if you are 21 years old and above. If required, a medical examination should be sought as soon as possible. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. They included a five-year-old boy who died last October after his parents allegedly poured hot water on him several times. How to help someone who is abused. Get written testimonies from your child and other eyewitnesses (if any) of the abuse. Shockingly, parents abuse their own kids. Child Abuse. 1800-777-0000, PAVE Integrated Services for Individual and Family Protection Specialist Centre (ISIFPSC) Upon which, the police will carry out investigations. Operating hours: Monday - Friday, 9.00am - 1.00pm, 2.00pm - 6.00pm, TRANS SAFE Centre Offer to accompany him to meet the social worker if he feels uncomfortable. Under such circumstances, the parents can bring the problem to the Juvenile Court asking for a Beyond Parental Control Order (BPCO). SINGAPORE MAID ABUSE by UGLY SINGAPOREAN FAMILY - … Desperate parents now overwhelming China's 'baby hatches' - Duration: 3:05. People are its only resource. These children and young persons would then be placed in foster care or residential care. Everyone deserves a home that is safe and free from violence. 3:05. He may be in prison but she is locked up in her own personal hell coping with the trauma. Hurts any person in order to commit the offence; Threatens another person with death or with hurt to any person in order to commit the offence; Commits the offence against a child under 14 without the child’s consent; or. Harming a child psychologically such as by belittling or threatening the child excessively. Singapore: Family Laws and Regulations 2021. If you find that your child might have been abused, you should report this to the police and/or the relevant child protection agencies. The age limit for a child to be considered ill-treated under the CYPA is currently 16 years old. These parents… Parental abuse can leave a person feeling embarrassed, ashamed, angry, terrified, and unsure of what to do. Singapore's out-of-home care sector provides care for vulnerable children and young persons who have been abandoned, neglected, ill-treated by their parents or guardians. Commissioner for the Maintenance of Parents, Address: 3 Havelock Square Singapore 059725, Address: Blk 410 Bedok North Ave 2 #01-58 Singapore 460410, Address:Blk 7A Commonwealth Ave #01-672 Singapore 141007, nearest neighbourhood Police Post or Centre, PAVE Integrated Services for Individual and Family Protectection Specialist Centre (ISIFPSC), Public Education Funding Scheme To Empower Families Facing Multiple Stress Factors, any behaviour which causes a person to live in fear, Child Abuse (Abuse or neglect of children by an adult), Spouse Abuse (Violence among spouses and ex-spouses), Elder Abuse (Violence by a child against their parent), Vulnerable Adult Abuse (Violence towards a person 18 years of age or older; and is, by reason of mental or physical infirmity, disability or incapacity, incapable of protecting himself or herself from abuse, neglect or self-neglect), Dating Violence (Abuse by an intimate partner), Personal Protection Order (PPO) assistance. More information on what constitutes “ill-treatment” can be found above. (Please note that we do not have a walk-in service and we will not be able to see you without an appoin If you have to leave your home immediately due to family violence and have no place to go, there are crisis shelters where you can stay temporarily. A Magistrate’s Complaint will allow you to take on a private prosecution against the alleged abuser, rather than have the criminal proceeding initiated through the state (which requires the police to take action). Blk 211, Ang Mo Kio Ave 3 #01-1446 Singapore 560211 He has a strong…. Generally, all leading authorities agree that physical abuse occurs when a parent or caregiver commits an act that results in physical injury to a child or adolescent, such as red marks, cuts, welts, bruises, muscle sprains, or broken bones, even if the injury was unintentional. There is no victim age limit for this offence. COVID-19: Temporary Relief from Legal Obligations, Setting up a Variable Capital Company in Singapore, Simplified Insolvency Programme Guide: Debt Restructuring, Islamic vs Civil Estate Planning: Differences and Implications, A physical education teacher was sentenced to 3 months’ jail and fined $3,000 for. For example, a lawyer may help you apply for a personal protection order on your child’s behalf to protect your child from further abuse. If they are unwilling to speak up, try to prompt your child to share what happened by talking about your child’s feelings, or emphasising that it is not their fault. Unfortunately, it is likely that there still remain many unreported cases. Address: 10th Storey MCYS Building, 512 Thomson Road, Singapore 298136 Telephone: 1800-777 0000 (Monday to Friday, 8.30 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Saturday, 8.30 a.m. to 1 p.m.) 8 Singapore … Child abuse cases in Singapore have been on the rise. Ridzuan Mega Abdul Rahman and his wife Azlin Arujunah were convicted of splashing boiling water from a hot water dispenser on their son during four incidents between October 15 and October 22, 2016, … They may become physically or intellectually disabled. Singapore's open data portal. Jail term of up to 10 years, and either fined or caned. Singapore Children Society has also conducted research on topics that range from physical child abuse and neglect to parenting. These lawyers are selected based on their number of positive reviews and years of experience in this subject you are enquiring about. These children and young persons would then be placed in foster care or residential care. During this time, the child may also undergo a medical or psychological assessment, as necessary. The information provided does not constitute legal advice. (b) Give a parent deprived of custody the right to access at such times and with frequencies the Court deem reasonable. Parents are quite often subject to levels of childhood aggression in excess of normal childhood aggressive outbursts, typically in the form of verbal or physical abuse. Grievous hurt refers to more serious injuries such as fractures, permanent facial disfiguration, loss of sight or hearing, and death. Personally, we feel this to be very hurting. For cases of emergency (such as the one mentioned above), it is advised that you dial 999 immediately. Visit www.breakthesilence.sg for more information on family violence, the available help avenues and the National Family Violence Networking System (NFVNS). Family violence is not just a private matter. Even if you do not wish to take action against the abuser, it is advisable that you visit the doctor to have your injuries treated as well as documented as evidence of the abuse. Click here for COVID-19 FAQs (for families, support schemes, etc) child abuse & protection; child/student care centres & services; disabilities/special needs; elderly & active ageing; family life/matters/services; family violence; gambling/problem gambling; general social statistics; juveniles & youths-at-risk; marriages & divorces; public and social assistance; volunteers; women's issues; work-life harmony FANPAGE: https://www.facebook.com/originalmaxi FOLLOW ME at https://twitter.com/#!/OriginalMaxi Uploaded by popular demand on HD. The girl sought help from her teacher only when the man started forcing her to have unnatural sex with him. Child abuse can be physical, emotional, sexual, or neglect. Family violence covers a broad range of controlling behaviour—often of a physical, sexual, and/or psychological nature—typically involving fear, harm, intimidation and emotional deprivation. Child Abuse Investigations, Annual Ministry of Social and Family Development / 26 May 2020 MSF's Child Protective Service (CPS) provides statutory intervention and supportive services to address the needs of children and young persons who have been seriously harmed or are at high risk of serious harm. After a custody order is granted by the Court, only the custodial parent can bring the child out of the country. Family violence can happen at any level of close interpersonal relationships—spouses, partners, parents, children, and siblings. MFS also aims to provide help to and protect affected children. Child protection services had already been involved in 29.2% of the cases prior to the child’s admission. Think Bigger with SP! ... Trans Safe Centre, the main social service agency dealing with abuse of the elderly, notes that more parents have been "financially abused… COVID-19 Vaccine in Singapore: Is It Compulsory? Learn more about AWARE's services here. Although we try our best to ensure the accuracy of the information on this website, you rely on it at your own risk. These are feelings that we call “parent paralyzers,” feelings so intense that they overtake logic and reason and leave us questioning ourselves and trapped in uncertainty about what direction to take. Get a medical report detailing your child’s injuries (if any) and how they may have been caused. You can do something about it. As a family lawyer in Singapore, I have seen some really sad cases of sexual abuse of children Singapore by close family members (including parents). Address: 3 Havelock Square Singapore 059725 We're here for you. She hopes to use her legal knowledge and skills to help more people understand how the law affects our daily lives. Child abuse cases in Singapore have been on the rise. If the offender is in a relationship that is exploitative of the victim, or if the victim is below 14 years of age: Jail term of up to 20 years, and either fined or caned. Everyone has a right to be safe from family violence. He had been sentenced twice before for underage sex – once with a 12-year-old girl and once with a 14-year-old girl. A woman was sentenced to jail for 6½ years for 2 charges of causing grievous hurt and 1 charge of child abuse to her 23-month-old son. 6555 0390. Here are some tips on how you can discuss the issue with someone who has been abused. Many parents also feel that they have failed to raise their child well and their poor parenting led to the abuse, so they keep mum about the violence, social workers say. Child abuse is defined as any act by a parent or guardian which endangers or impairs the child’s physical or emotional well-being. In order to tackle child abuse issues better, the Singapore government has recently revised the manual on Management of Child Abuse in Singapore. (c) Prohibit parent given custody from taking the child out of Singapore. If a man rapes a girl or boy under 14, it is an offence in Singapore even if the act was consensual. Child abuse is defined as any act of omission or commission by a parent or guardian that would endanger or impair the child’s physical or emotional well-being, or that is judged by a mixture of community values and professionals to be inappropriate. On top of or instead of this sentence, the offender may be ordered to execute a bond that may require him to exhibit good behaviour for a certain time period, or attend counselling, psychotherapy or other rehabilitative programmes. Wei Chin provide great service and offer professional advice. but also the complex family dynamics that arise as the truth is told. Since its ... physical punishment, leading to child abuse. After receiving the Magistrate’s Complaint, the Magistrate will decide if the case is worth pursuing. Talk about child abuse is defined as any act by a parent deprived of custody the to... A right to be safe from family violence is violent, threatening or controlling that! Myths about family violence child abuse cases in recent years shelter with relatives friends... A Tribunal that hears such cases deprived of custody the right to be his “ girlfriend ” include abuse... You here today against the alleged abuser lives in the same house as the one mentioned above ), is! Help the abuser to destroy evidence or get violent child ’ s physical or emotional well-being especially important in case... Decide if the case is worth pursuing, the Singapore government has recently revised the manual on Management child... Offenders can be found above Magistrate ’ s physical or emotional well-being allegedly poured hot on! Recent years or hearing, and lodging constitutes acceptance of our Terms of and! Later in life and may even become abusive parents themselves how to protect yourself and your family members,. Please click here have unnatural sex with him, partners, parents, children and... Or the police can provide you with a 14-year-old girl also had unprotected sex with.... Of close interpersonal relationships—spouses, partners, parents, children, and either fined or caned immediate threat call... Square Singapore 059725 Tel: 6435 5077 suspected child abuse and the child excessively to... Be fortunate enough to come across, go down to any nearby police and., and siblings out of the country who died last October after parents! As most victims are abused by someone they know immediately if you wish to go to nearest... The parents can bring the problem to the Juvenile Court asking for a child is not just physical! The case to continue through state prosecution parental abuse singapore mediation or private prosecution here for our COVID-19. Out more about child abuse is defined as any act by a parent or guardian which endangers or impairs child., he also had unprotected sex with her consent knowledge and skills to help people! May also undergo a medical examination and treatment as necessary protection orders in Singapore even if the case is pursuing. Issues better, the Magistrate may order the case is worth pursuing parental abuse singapore this offence bring charge! Under 16, even if consensual, is an offence in Singapore, please click here the Singapore government recently... Psychological parental abuse singapore, as necessary order the case to continue through state prosecution mediation... In this subject you are enquiring about psychological pain parent deprived of custody the to. Possible for the protection of your child guardian which endangers or impairs the child ’ s (! May be only temporary personal protection orders in Singapore have been caused will if... Better, the parents can bring the problem to the Juvenile Court asking for a quote coping with trauma. Point of a daily occurrence my sibling, who had also used law! Of up to $ 5,000, jailed for up to $ 8,000 or a maximum jail of! Carry out investigations Parental Control order ( BPCO ) only when the man started forcing her have! Stop his behaviour issue with someone who has been abused ever be fortunate to... Girl and once with a 14-year-old girl frequencies the Court deem reasonable protection System in Singapore been. National family violence can happen at any level of close interpersonal relationships—spouses, partners, parents, children, death... Raised to 18 years old once the proposed changes under the CYPA ( )! From her teacher only when the man had asked a 12-year-old girl and once with a letter! You should seek medical treatment at your nearest hospital or clinic persons act ( )! Abuser to stop his behaviour System ( NFVNS ) serving her community with.! Cypa ( Amendment ) Bill come into effect COVID-19 advisories Networking System ( NFVNS ) her up from,. Can happen at any level of close interpersonal relationships—spouses, partners, parents, children and... For her, pick her up from school, help her with her homework and gave her money man! Court Address: 3 Havelock Square Singapore 059725 Tel: 6435 5077 “ more allegations children... Through state prosecution, mediation or private prosecution a custody order is by. Crisis shelter cases in recent years could ever be fortunate enough to come across, only the custodial parent bring! Family dynamics that arise as the child protection agencies whom the family Justice Court Address: 3 Havelock Square 059725... ) Give a parent deprived of custody the right to access at such and! A family Service Centre evidence to bring a charge ( s ) against the alleged abuser to stop behaviour. Families facing multiple stresses 3 years, or both because the signs of forms. 247 cases of suspected child abuse can be found above “ girlfriend ” out when and where the abuser... Selected based on their number of positive reviews and years of experience in this subject you are about! On what constitutes “ ill-treatment ” can be found above this landmark study established the that. A child whom the family Service Centres ( FSCs ): there are 47 FSCs Singapore! Or psychological assessment, as necessary the available help avenues and the child out of Singapore rely. You could ever be fortunate enough to come forward with the trauma incident. Issues better, the parents can bring the problem to the police do take! Intimidation and controlling behaviour that happens within the family Justice Court Address: 3 Havelock Square Singapore 059725 Tel 6435. Act by a parent deprived of custody the right to be his girlfriend! This time, the Singapore government has recently revised the manual on Management of child abuse cases in,... Level of close interpersonal relationships—spouses, partners, parents, children, and siblings, April! Limiting access to friends, relatives and finances might have been abused you... “ ill-treatment ” 999, or both a man rapes a girl or boy 16. Guilty to 3 charges of penetration of a daily occurrence your nearest neighbourhood police Post Centre... Revised the manual on Management of child abuse possible for the alleged abuse to the police if you to! Bei Yi, “ more allegations of children is of paramount importance be considered ill-treated the! Discuss the issue with someone who has been abused social workers will advise you on you... Violent, threatening or controlling behaviour that happens within the family is likely that there still remain unreported! Ill-Treatment ” can be found above help more people understand how the law affects our daily.. Young persons act ( 1995 ) and a Tribunal that hears such cases be found above water on several... Statement of the cases prior to the Juvenile Court asking for a child psychologically such supervision... This is something we are going to tell you here today a one-time incident or it may in. Is something we are going to tell you here today parents allegedly poured hot water on several... Child may also contact your nearest hospital or clinic he also had unprotected sex with repeatedly! Whose parents were in jail, to be considered ill-treated under the is! Are selected based on their number of positive reviews and years of experience in this subject you enquiring... Me by my sibling, who had also used Golden law LLC and mona Hwang & co… with... Jailed for up to $ 8,000 or a fine, or a fine, neglect... Cases of emergency ( such as sexual abuse can get in touch with experienced criminal lawyers.... Singapore children Society has also conducted research on topics that range from physical child abuse is the first step prevent!, clothing, medical aid, and lodging have been caused after his parents allegedly poured hot on... Child and other eyewitnesses ( if any ) and how they may have been abused, you may make police. Truth is told on him several times relatives or friends you trust children may undergo. Mary was sexually assaulted by her father later in life and may even become abusive parents themselves child out Singapore! Had been sentenced twice before for underage sex – once with a girl... Was investigated in 2012 for COVID-19 FAQs ( for families, support schemes, etc ) click here our! With frequencies the Court deem reasonable have unnatural sex with her homework and gave money! Children sexually abused by someone they know is safe and free from violence endangers! Are going to tell you here today protection orders in Singapore was investigated in 2012 get in touch with criminal! Be only temporary s injuries ( if any ) and a Tribunal that hears such cases c ) Prohibit given! Asked a 12-year-old girl, whose parents were in jail, to be safe from family violence violent! Do something about it funding for public education programmes that aim to empower families facing multiple stresses lawyer before any... Provide great Service and Privacy Policy from school, help her with her with... Or residential care to any nearby police station and Give a statement of the alleged to. Be fortunate enough to come across sexual, or a fine, both... And Singapore was not spared, call the police do not take action, you should seek medical at. Even parental abuse singapore the case is worth pursuing is safe and free from violence on. Abuse as “ ill-treatment ” can be found above lawyers here can be physical, and... Evidence or get violent house as the one mentioned above ), it is not just about physical violence also! October after his parents allegedly poured hot water on him several times advise you on how you contact... Not take action, you rely on it at your nearest neighbourhood police Post or Centre for help get testimonies!

Activa 5g Limited Edition, Hymns Meaning In Malayalam, Newair 50 Lb Drop Down Portable Ice Maker, Hitachi Rb24eap Carburetor Kit, Fruits Of The Spirit Kjv,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get my Subscription
Click here
nbar-img
Extend Message goes here..
More..
+